The original genuine Cod War broke out in 1958 when Iceland prolonged their coastal limitations off five so you can 12 nautical kilometers offshore.
Great britain would not acknowledge these new borders and you may delivered Royal Navy boats to companion British angling ships inside the Icelandic waters
Iceland prolonged the fishing constraints once again for the 1972 – this time around to help you fifty nautical kilometers. In the Second Cod War, the new Icelandic Coast-guard put special hooks to slice this new wiring one linked the newest nets so you can United kingdom fishing trawlers. The united kingdom once more sent the latest Regal Navy to help you escort the angling fleet and therefore go out the brand new dispute escalated even more, having boats on the both sides colliding, resulting in serious damage. Iceland slash diplomatic links toward Uk, threatened to pull away from NATO, and also the United kingdom again capitulated so you’re able to Iceland’s requires immediately following NATO Secretary general Joseph Luns been successful toward Uk in order to back.
The third and you can final Cod Conflict starred aside similar because the second, simply this time Iceland longer its personal fishery restrictions out of fifty in order to 200 nautical kilometers. The new Icelandic Coast-guard additionally the Regal Navy once again stumbled on punches. Iceland once again endangered to exit NATO therefore the Uk once more provided in the. Shortly after that, the latest United nations Convention to the Legislation of one’s Sea built one a country’s exclusive monetary area would extend 200 nautical kilometers overseas.
Schedule away from tall events
- 1918: Towards the step one December, the brand new Empire of Iceland reaches sovereignty out-of Denmark, having Queen Christian X off Denmark are King Kristjan X of Iceland.
- 1940-1946: Within the Next Industry War, the uk takes up new theoretically natural Empire regarding Iceland for the buy to help you safer a great naval foothold facing Axis pushes throughout the North Atlantic. Government entities regarding Iceland after attracts the usa to take more than army command over the fresh new island for the rest of the newest conflict. Inside 1944, Iceland declares complete independence out of Denmark and you will gets the fresh Republic away from Iceland. Following combat, a consult from the United states army so you’re able to book around three basics to have 99 many years try denied by the Icelandic government, as well as international troops leave Iceland.
- 1949: Toward ent ballots becoming a member of NATO. You to same date, protests erupt within the Reykjavik’s over NATO membership, which have assaulting between NATO critics and followers. 5 days later, to the cuatro April, Iceland formally satisfies the brand new Alliance by the signing brand new North Atlantic Pact.
- 1951: Perturbed of the injury of your own Korean Conflict, Iceland signs a two-sided protection agreement into United states, allowing the united states armed forces in order to make the latest Iceland Defense Push from the Keflavik Legs near Reykjavik.
- 1950s-1960s: Left-wing functions pledge while in the beautiful sudanese women election methods when planning on taking Iceland from NATO. After decided inside the coalition governing bodies, they don’t work within these strategy pledges.
- 1963: Iceland donates an effective gavel so you’re able to NATO, that is used daily for certain period that is changed shortly after becoming busted on the 70s.
- 1970s: Iceland’s “Cod Battles” to your British – conflicts over industrial fishing legal rights which was simmering due to the fact later 1950s – develops so you’re able to good 200-nautical kilometer Private Financial Area, which will end up being the all over the world standard on the 1982 United nations Meeting to your Legislation of one’s Water.
- 1974: The fresh Icelandic authorities suggests shutting down Keflavik Legs. NATO supporters circulate a great petition to save the base open, and therefore works out having the assistance more than one quarter regarding the population.
- 1986: Reykjavik machines a good landmark palms handle conference anywhere between United states Chairman Ronald Reagan and you can Soviet frontrunner Mikhail Gorbachev.
- 1991: Iceland ‘s the basic country to recognise Estonia, Latvia and you can Lithuania due to the fact sovereign says separate about Partnership from Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.